John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau

Papers on John Locke & Jean-Jacques Rousseau 

 
Locke, Rousseau, & Marx
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A 5 page paper that discusses Locke's persepective on goverment especially in terms of the right of man to property ownership, and presents the opposing views of Rousseau and Marx. Though Marx's perspectives are in direct opposition to Locke, Rousseau offers a subtler argument challenging Locke's perspective, based in the relationship between man and government. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Lockmarx.wps

Liberty: The Teachings of Locke and Rousseau
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A 5 page discussion of the contributions of John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau to our contemporary concept of liberty. Compares and contrasts the philosophies of civil society, nature, and ideal government between Locke in the Seventeenth century and Rousseau in the Eighteenth Century. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: PPlibert.wps

The Harmful Effects of Inequality According to Locke and Rousseau
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This 6 page report discusses the differing opinions of the 18th century French philosopher, Jean Jacques Rousseau, whose writings inspired the leaders of the French Revolution and those of John Locke, considered to have been one of Great Britain’s greatest thinkers. Locke believed that because a person is naturally free only when ruled by the law of nature, the individual is ostensibly free from any superior power on earth and from the will of all other men, thus negating the idea of human equality or inequality. Rousseau, on the other hand, was certain that some inequalities are inescapable because they are natural, but there are also unnatural inequalities, such as great disparities in wealth, that should disappear. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: BWinequl.rtf

The Right to Property Ownership
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This 7 page paper considers the views of Locke, Hobbes and Rousseau on the rights to property ownership, comparing them and considering their implications with the writer concluding with a view of which of the three they view as the most accurate. The bibliography cites 3 sources.
Filename: TEpropty.wps

Philosophy Related to Private Property
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This 7 page paper explores Locke's Hobbes, and Rousseau's ideas about private property. Social contract theory is explained. Fundamental differences and similarities between the philosophers are noted. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: SA115pp.wps

The Lockean Foundations of Early American Political Thought: Locke, Bailyn and Greene on the Movement from Resistance to Revolution
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This 7 page paper provides an overview of some of the basic Lockean premises that set the foundation for the American Revolution, including Locke’s reflections on the political process, government control, and the concepts of power and liberty presented in his Two Treatise on Government. This paper also evaluates the assertions of Bernard Bailyn and Jack Greene, who reflected on the impact of Lockean premises that informed early opposition thinking and became the ordinary presumption of informed Americans in 1763. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: MHlocke.wps

John Locke's 'Two Treatises on Civil Government' & How It Applied to America's Revolutionary Government
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A 9 page paper which analyzes the pros and cons of John Locke's 'Two Treatises on Civil Government' in terms of how it applied to the revolutionary. Specifically considered are the creation of state constitutions following the Declaration of Independence; theoretical problems of Locke's treatise concerning the foundation of imperial connection; how Locke paid little attention to the mechanism by which people could make their decisions known; Locke's failure to clarify the rule of parliament in relation to the community (or state of nature) as a whole; problems of the revolutionary allegiance to the king after the colonist break from Great Britain, considering that a state of nature had not been created. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: TGlocke.wps

John Locke: Advocate for Democracy
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A 6 page discussion of the political philosophies of John Locke. Explores in particular Locke's belief in government by and for the people and emphasizes his support of the common man and claims that no man had the right to rule over another without their consent. Provides examples from the United States and also Great Britain, outlining Locke's influence on the Declaration of Independence and on the Constitution of the United States in particular. Asserts that Locke's philosophies are an indication of his support for democracy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: PPlockeD.wps

John Locke’s “Essay on Human Understanding” Book II
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This 5 page report discusses English philosopher, John Locke (1632-1704) and his focus on the division of human ideas in sub-categories related to substances, modes, and relations. Almost the entire core of the intellectual activity of the eighteenth century in England leads back to Locke. Locke was able to succinctly describe and honor the Enlightenment in his belief in the middle class and its right to freedom of conscience and right to property, in his faith in science, and in his confidence in the goodness of humanity. Locke was convinced that in order for a liberal, tolerant, regime to survive, it had to be intolerant of those who were neither liberal nor tolerant. His influence upon philosophy and political theory has been incalculable. No secondary sources.
Filename: BWjockel.wps

“The Social Contract” of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
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This 12 page report discusses Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) and his writing “The Social Contract” (1762). Rousseau was an undeniably keen thinker and was equipped with the weapons of the philosophical century and with an inspiring eloquence. To that eloquence he added a pronounced egotism, self-seeking, and an arrogance that led to bitter antagonism against his revolutionary views and sensitive personality. The central concept in Rousseau’s thought is “liberty,” and, as a result, most of his works deal with the mechanisms through which humans are forced to give up their liberty. Most modern political and social scientists believe that it was in the publication of The Social Contract that Rousseau reached the pinnacle of his political and philosophical development. Pretensions of rugged individualism and distrust of all civil authority of his early writings gave way to the construction of a positive political society. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: BWjjrcon.wps

Permissibility of Inequality According to John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau
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This 5 page report discusses how and when inequality is permissible in human society. English philosopher, John Locke (1632-1704) focuses primarily on the framework of justifiable and workable government, all other issues and ideas as they relate to humanity can be explained and elaborated upon in that relationship. In comparison, Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) most often expounded on his view that science, art, and social institutions have corrupted humankind and that the natural, or primitive, state is morally superior to the civilized state. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: BWlrouss.wps

Locke & Machiavelli / Politics and the Interests of Man
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Machiavelli and Locke both considered the nature of government and man's individual interests as they relate to governmental structures. Machievelli's idea of fortune and Locke's 'state of nature' concept both shaped the theorists arguments about the purpose of political life. It has been posited that for Machiavelli, politics is an unpredictable arena in which ambition, deception and violence render the idea of the common good meaningless, while Locke would argue that political or civil society exists only to preserve the rights of the individual. It can be argued that for both Machiavelli and Lock, political activity, then, becomes merely a means of satisfying selfish ends. This 8 page paper considers the nature of this argument, reflects upon the elements presented in Machiavelli's Prince and Locke's Social Contract, and evaluates their importance for understanding the underpinnings of government. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Lockmach.wps

Rousseau's 'La Nouvelle Heloise' (‘Julie')
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An 8 page paper that discusses Rousseau's sentimental look at the roles dictated by society for men and women according to Enlightenment views with a Rousseau twist. His focus is on the 'nature' of the human male and how those needs are to be filled through the 'nature' of women for the good of society as a whole. The writers argues that the antiquated views postulated by Rousseau through his novel are still being debated today. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Rousjuli.wps

“Liberalism” as Defined by Thomas Hobbes and John Locke:
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This 8 page report discusses the concept of liberalism using Locke’s “Second Treatise on Government” and Hobbes’ “Leviathan.” Thomas Hobbes and John Locke should be considered as two of the greatest political philosophers England ever produced and Hobbes clearly influenced Locke. Both believed that the state existed as an artificial creation of man to protect and preserve the interests of the individual. However, each had significantly different ideas as to the nature of human beings and, as a result, different concepts that may or may not be considered “liberalism.” Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: BWlibhob.rtf

Rousseau's 'Origins Of Civil Society'
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A 6 page paper discussing Rousseau's 'Civil Society.' What were the primary issues in the idea of civil society and how did Rousseau present them. Bibliography lists two sources.
Filename: Civilsoc.wps

John Locke's 'Second Treatise On Government' / Property
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A 5 page paper discussing Locke's argument for 'property' and its social implications. Bibliography lists the text of Locke's treatise.
Filename: Lockprop.wps

An Argument for the Enactment of the First Amendment based on John Locke's Second Treatise of Government
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In 5 pages, the author argues for the enactment of the First Amendment to the U. S. Constitution based on John Locke's Second Treatise of Government. No additional sources cited.
Filename: PC1amloc.doc

Plato and John Locke – Comparison of Views on Man and Nature, Society, and the Creation and Purpose of Government
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This 9 page report discusses two of the world’s great philosophers and compares their viewpoints on various aspects of life and society. Plato’s opinions are those of some of the great thought of all time while John Locke was the most influential of English philosophers of the 17th and 18th centuries whose ideas have formulated a great deal of democratic thinking. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: BWplatloc.rtf

Voltaire's 'Candide' And Rousseau's 'The Confessions': Association With The Garden of Eden
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6 pages in length. The writer discusses the Garden of Eden as it relates to the implications of Voltaire's 'Candide' and Rousseau's 'The Confessions,' as well as addresses the lost concept of Utopia in contemporary society. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: TLCeden.wps

Conversation Concerning a Table: With Berkeley, Leibniz and Locke
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9 pages in length. Concerns an imaginary conversation between the three philosophers John Locke, George Berkeley, and Gottfreid Leibniz about a table. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: JGAtable.wps

Jean Jacques Rousseau/Origins of Social Inequality
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A 5 page essay that discusses the principles set forth by Rousseau in his Origins of Social inequality and also his Social Contract. No additional sources cited.
Filename: khjjr.wps

Rousseau and Schiller: Human Nature
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A 6 page paper which discusses what Rousseau and Schiller thought in regards to human nature. The paper discusses how it was they believed as they did and how they make use of their particular understanding. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: RArouschi.wps

Jean-Jacque Rousseau (1712-1778)
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(8 pp) Rousseau was a mental explorer - not a very happy one, but like all good philosophers he did take a stand at trying to figure why certain things were as they were. He still looked for truth and beauty, but never seemed to be able to see it in himself. Themes of freedom and citizenship are discussed in terms of Rouseau's Basic Political writings including The Discourses on the Sciences and the Arts, the Inequality of Man, as well as On the Social Contract.
Filename: BBrousso
.wps

Rousseau's Response To Descartes ‘Dream Demon'
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A 4 page paper that argues against Rousseau's perceptions of Descartes 'dream demon', his belief that man can not distinguish between reality and dream and must, therefore, not base the development of reason on reality. Rousseau's pragmatic belief that man has no reason to believe their are no physical objects and good reason to believe that there are physical objects consists of faulty logic. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Rousdesc.wps

Rousseau & Mill on Representation
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A 4 page research paper that examines the philosophies regarding representation of Jean-Jacques Rousseau in his book The Social Contract (1762) and John Stuart Mill a century later in his work Considerations on Representative Government (1861). The writer argues that although Rousseau's opinions are appealing in their purity of purpose, he does not offer a truly workable solution around his objections to representational government. Mill, on the other hand, offers concrete suggestions on how to implement his philosophical outlook on representation; and, therefore, offers the more convincing argument.
Filename: Roumil.wps

The Life of Jean Jacques Rousseau
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This 8 page paper discusses the 18th century French philosopher, Jean Jacques Rousseau, whose writings inspired the leaders of the French Revolution. Rousseau greatly influenced came to be known as the Romantic generation. He was a social and political theorist, musician, botanist, and is still thought to be one of the most eloquent writers of the Age of Enlightenment. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Jeanjacq.wps

Rousseau -- First and Second Discourses / A Return to the Past
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A 5 page paper that supports Rousseau's arguments for a return to the past based in his First and Second Discourses. This paper provides an overview of Rousseau's perceptions of society, including the new focus on knowledge, and demonstrates the way these perceptions developed his belief to move back to the past and a religious focus on morality. The primary source is cited.
Filename: Rousseau.rtf

Plato Vs. John Locke On The Question Of The Legality Of Marijuana Use
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An 8 page paper discussing the philosophies of John Locke and Plato as they relate to the question of whether or not a government has the right to tell citizens not to use marijuana. Bibliography lists three sources in addition to several primary works by both Plato and Locke.
Filename: Potplato.doc

Rousseau's 'Emile'
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This 5 page report the book 'Emile' by 18th century philosopher and writer Jean Jacques Rousseau. Rousseau's principle that man is 'naturally good' is expounded on in 'Emile.' No additional sources cited.
Filename: Emile2.wps

Locke And Arendt On Toleration
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A 4 page research paper which examines Hannah Arendt's The Human Condition and John Locke's A Letter Concerning Toleration. The writer argues that the roots of Arendt's philosophy goes back to Locke as the differences between their points of view are discussed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Lock9.wps

Sexual Equality And Rousseau
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The writings of Rousseau form a significant component of the political philosophies that have guided the establishment and form of government in the United States. This 5 page paper argues that Rousseau's discourse on inequality can be seen to present the argument that civil society, as opposed to the natural state of man, must acknowledge the equality of the sexes inasmuch as the rules that once governed man in his natural state are no longer applicable. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: KTsexros.wps

Autobiography in Shelley's Frankenstein and Rousseau's Confessions
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Barbara Johnson has posited the idea that autobiography is always in the process of symbolically killing the mother off by narrating the fiction as though it were the child one has given birth to and that represents the author. In Jean Jacques Rousseau's Confessions the premise of an autobiography is not in question. The book does not end with his death, but rather with his life alone. In Shelley's Frankenstein, the creator (Victor) and the creation (the Monster) are both seen as extensions of aspects of the author, mirrored in behavior and psychological representations of the self, which are ultimately ended either by death or a return to solitude. This 7 page paper argues that Johnson's theory, at least in the abstract, is seen as valid and worthy of discussion. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: KTfrnbio.wps

Montesquieu, Pope, Rousseau, and Voltaire / Religion & Government
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A 5 page paper comparing the writing and opinions of Baron De Montesquieu, ('The Persian Letters') Alexander Pope ('Essay on Man'), Voltaire ('Candide'), and Rousseau ('Discourse on Inequality') in terms of their views on government and religion.
Filename: Viewgovt.wps

John Locke / Definition of Property
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A 2 page comprehensive analysis of the ideas that underlie John Locke's definition of Property in his Essay on Civil Government. A good reference for those studying U.S. Constitutional History. No Bibliography.
Filename: Const1.wps

John Locke vs. Jean Domat / Two Perspectives On The Nature Of Government
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A 5 page paper that provides a concise overview of the main points in Locke's 'Second Treatise of Government' and Domat's 'On Social Order and Absolute Power,' and considers a broad comparison of significant points. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Lockedg.wps

Disagreements Between the Disciples of Thomas Hobbes and the Disciples of John Locke
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This 2 page report discusses theories of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes, especially as they relate to positivism and divisibility. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: BWhoblok.wps

Machiavelli’s “Opposing Appetites” and the Opinions of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes
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This 5 page report discusses one of Machiavelli’s concepts as it applies to the conflict between the elites and the general populace of a society and how it creates a situation of opposition that can only result in one of three consequences in being ruled -- by a single man, through liberty, or anarchy. That opinion is then contrasted with the basic thinking of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes. Bibliography lists one source.
Filename: BWoppapp.wps

Plato and Rousseau: Related by Analogy
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(5 pp) An "analogy" according to Mr. Webster, is an inference that if two or more things agree in some respects they will probably agree in others - a likeness between things that are unlike. In this discussion we will determine the analogies that Plato used in the Republic and Rousseau in The Social Contract.
Filename: BBplaRou.doc

Nature and the Social Contract in Hobbes, Locke, and Kant
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A six page paper comparing and contrasting these three philosophers in terms of their views on "natural law" and its implications to society. Hobbes believed living in a "state of nature" was dangerous, and people should submit to the authority of social contracts for their own protection; Locke believed government had more potential for being dangerous, and the individual should rebel if he felt his rights were being violated; and Kant believed strife is inherently unnatural, and man's social contracts should teach him the ways of peace. Bibliography lists three sources.
Filename: KBnatlaw.wps

Hobbs, Locke & Divisibilty.
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(5 pp) Through prolific writings on subjects including optics, philosophy and social theory, the "Hobbsean system" emerges as a coherent and comprehensive world view grounded in the distinct understanding of "philosophy as physics." The world according to Hobbes is a world in which all spheres of activity are governed and explained through mechanical principles, and where the primary task of philosophy is to understand the chain of cause and effect, through which all phenomena emerge (Foutz ppg).Locke on the other hand, believes each human starts with a mental blank slate, and then adds to it through their knowledge and experience. Our question of discussion is how these two relate to "divisibility." Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: BBdivisR.doc

The Philosophy of John Locke and the American System of Government
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This 7 page report discusses the influences of John Locke’s philosophy on the formation of the American system of government. Four specific areas are addressed in the paper: Separation of church and state; the Second Treatise and the U.S. Constitution; man in the state of nature; and, the power of individual state constitutions and legislative excess. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: BWconloc.wps

Hobbes and Locke – Political Applications or Just Ideals?
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Hobbes and Locke – Political Applications or Just Ideals? : This 8-page analytical essay examines the political ideologies in Thomas Hobbes’, Leviathan and John Locke’s, Second Treaties on Government relevant to the belief that political philosophies are concerned only with what works in practice, and not just armchair discourse. Quite the contrary, Hobbes and later Locke left a fertile political legacy that formed the tangible roots for our own system of government. Bibliography lists 5 sources. SNHobbes.doc
Filename: SNHobbes.doc

Hobbes +Social Contract +Locke.
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(7pp) The fundamental basis for government and law in this system is the concept of the social contract, according to which human beings begin as individuals in a state of nature, and create a society by establishing a contract whereby they agree to live together in harmony for their mutual benefit, after which they are said to live in a state of society. This contract involves the retaining of certain natural rights, an acceptance of restrictions of certain liberties, the assumption of certain duties, and the pooling of certain powers to be exercised collectively. So the use of a social contract is a give and take negotiation -usually. Bibliography lists 4 sources. BBsoccon.doc
Filename: BBsoccon.doc

Alienation: Comparing Rousseau's And Marx's Views
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This 5 page report discusses the concept of alienation and the role it plays in the determination of political thought. Bibliography lists 1 source.
Filename: Alienvi.wps

Locke, Voltaire, & Huxley / On Society
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A 5 page paper that discusses how these three authors' intent was to prepare society for the world in which it lives. The paper discusses the three viewpoints, but brings them together in a thesis that they wrote their stories and philosophies in order to provide information to humans about how the world is/should be constructed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Lockeh.wps

Rousseau and Marx Compared
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This 5 page paper compares and contrasts theories of Jean Jacques Rousseau and Karl Marx. Their ideas about the nature of man, government, religion and God are discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: SA118M&R.doc

Hobbs and Rousseau in the Neighborhood.
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(5 pp) Our assigned role is to consider the individual and how he best functions in a community. In doing that we will be looking at an equal relationship of the community and the individual, in that one does not bare more of the load of work than the other. Our points of reference will be the philosophers Rousseau and Hobbes. Bibliography lists two sources.
Filename: BBhbsrou.doc

John Locke and the Social Contract
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This 5 page paper considers what is meant by a social contract and the philosophies of Locke surrounding the role of the social contract. The paper considers the role of consent of the citizen and the duties of the government and the limitations of these two elements of the contract. The bibliography cites 2 sources.
Filename: TElocksc.wps

Hobbes +Social Contract +Locke.
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(7pp) The fundamental basis for government and law in this system is the concept of the social contract. Human beings begin as individuals in a state of nature, and create a society by establishing a contract, whereby they agree to live together in harmony for their mutual benefit, after which they are said to live in a state of society. This contract involves the retaining of certain natural rights, an acceptance of restrictions of certain liberties, the assumption of certain duties, as well as the pooling of certain powers to be exercised collectively. So in theory the use of a social contract is a give and take negotiation . Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: BBsoconR.doc

Hobbes, Rousseau and Mill
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A 6 page research paper that investigates the positions held by Thomas Hobbes, Jean Jacques Rousseau and John Stuart Mill on the various aspects of their philosophy concerning the state and religion. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: khhoromi.wps

The Politics of Rousseau and Burke.
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(7pp) Rousseau developed the concept of the "noble savage," and to test it, tried living in the woods. Burke believed equality was a conception against nature and served in the English Parliament. One could claim they were both living out their political convictions, yet actually there is a lot more to their concepts and political consequences. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: BBrobrkR.doc

Plato v. Locke
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A 6 page essay/research paper that examines the differences between the political philosophies of Plato and John Locke. The writer argues that Locke saw the state as being a structure instituted among humanity to serve the people, and, therefore, he felt that it was an institution that the people could justifiable oppose when it went against their best interests. On the other hand, Plato would have undoubtedly argued that the "people," per se, did not possess sufficient knowledge upon which to base a legitimate opinion on the functioning of the state. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: khpllo.wps

Rousseau And Legislation
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5 pages in length. Within the realm of life exists inherent elements to one's existence; paramount to man's existence is the concept of natural rights. Philosophers have long postulated what, exactly, these rights consist of within the massive scope of mortality, with some contending that natural rights are those that are without social infiltration, while others attest to the fact that natural rights are doled out only by social status. Jean Jacques Rousseau's stance upon legislation mirrored many other philosophers throughout history, contending that the quest for common good might not always be the best resolution for all concerned. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: TLCrusso.wps

Theories of Rousseau and Gender
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(2. 5 pp.) If we could invite Rousseau to a feminist dinner party we might enjoy his company rather than argue with him. Certainly Rouseau was no feminist but his historical theories do not necessarily see women as the cause of all the world's problems, an alien species, or lower than worm dung. He feels inequality occurs for another reason, which will be discussed in this paper.
Filename: BBrousfe.doc

Locke: Freedom of Individuals vs. Political Authority
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A 5 page paper which discusses Locke's Second Treatise of Government as it pertains to the tension which exists between freedom of individuals and the need for political authority. No additional sources cited.
Filename: RAlockefree.wps

Rousseau, Burke And Tocqueville: Political Ideology, Society And Individualism
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6 pages in length. Alexis de Tocqueville analyzed the pitfalls of individualism when he wrote Democracy in America, while Edmund Burke, in Reflections of the French Revolution, condemned diversity, nonconformity and individualism. Jean Jacques Rousseau critiqued community value within the literary boundaries of his Basic Political Writings. Is there such a thing as too much individualism? Does a community have rights? Do the rights of the individual outweigh those of the community? Clearly, the notion of political ideology delves much deeper within the very essence of society than many people realize. No additional sources cited.
Filename: TLCpolid.wps

John Locke’s Views Regarding Personal Property
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This 8 page report discusses English philosopher, John Locke (1632-1704), and his belief that the only reason society degenerates to armed conflict and strife is because of a depletion of the essential ingredients of an individual or a community’s self-preservation. Those ingredients, according to the Second Treatise include the right to private property. He also believes that it is labor that creates value and turns something that was fundamentally worthless into something of worth. Therefore, the person who has put energy and effort into a product has a right to that product. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: BWpropjl.wps

Plato and Rousseau: Related by Analogy
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(5 pp) An analogy" according to Mr. Webster, is an inference that if two or more things agree in some respects they will probably agree in others - a likeness between things that are unlike. In this discussion we will determine the analogies that Plato used in the Republic and Rousseau in The Social Contract.
Filename: BBplaRuR.doc

Rousseau’s View on Knowledge and Its Applicability to Education
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This 5 page paper takes a look at philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau’s ideas about knowledge and learning and how they may be applied to education today. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: SA106Rou.wps

John Locke: Identity and Ideas
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(5 pp) Locke divides our complex ideas into ideas of substance, modes and relations in his An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690), and then relates those to identity, person and moral agent. The labels may be old but the ideas are still applicable today.
Filename: BBlckidR.doc

Theories of John Locke and Gender
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( 2.5 pp.) In John Locke's "Second Treatise of Government," (1689) he states that there may be times when it is necessary for a citizen to rebel against injustices, in other words there were times when revolution was justified. A feminist might read that same idea today and feel justified in overturning oppression. But Locke is talking about more than just that in this Second Treatise. We will look at these additional ideas and see how that might be extended into a feminist logic in spite of their historical age.
Filename: BBlockfe.doc

Locke and Reid: Thinking and Perceiving an Identity
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(5 pp). We must consider what (a) person stands for; which, I think, is a thinking intelligent being, that has reason and reflection, and can consider itself as itself … J. Locke. One of the things that has occurred with the fast way we can communicate today, is that we tend to forget about the process of thinking, and instead get wrapped up in the world of doing, such was not the case of early philosophers. We will compare two, John Locke and Thomas Reid to determine the nature of their thinking process, and how that all relates to personal identity Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: BBlckred.doc

Human Nature and Political Theory / Comparisons of Hobbes, Rousseau, Marx, and Kant
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This 9 page paper reflects upon the arguments of Hobbes, Rousseau, Marx and Kant regarding the nature of mankind, human nature in general, and the impact on the development of the best possible regime based on the assumptions presented. This paper considers the philosophers’ views of goodness, selfishness and depravity (or evil) and the way in which these elements impact a perspective on political theory. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: MHhumann.wps

John Locke's 'Second Treatise On Government'
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A 5 page paper discussing John Locke's Second Treatise on Civil Government. Questions of the nature and scope, as well as the purpose of the worker are analyzed alobg with the role of the individual in society. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Locke2nd.wps

Locke, Berkeley, & Hume / Material Substance
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A 5 page paper discussing the varying views of Hume, Locke, and Berkeley in relationship to the concept of material substance. All three of these philosophers were theorists of knowledge but each also had a slightly different opinion in regards to the issue of material matter. Also discussed is the validity of their reasoning, which is actually quite valid in its context. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Lbhmat.wps

Rawls v. Locke / Right to Property
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A 7 page comparative essay on the argument by looking at Locke's discourse on property rights of individuals and Rawls' response to the basic sections. The paper issues an opinion that the argument is so divese it has no remedy on middle ground. Two sources cited.
Filename: Property.wps

Rousseau's 'The Social Contract'
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A 5 page paper which examines Rousseau's famous assertion, 'Man is born free yet everywhere he's in chains,' and evaluate how this claim is legitimized in the treatise, The Social Contract. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: RousSC.wps

The Enlightenment in the Works of Smith, Locke, Wollstonecraft, and Kant
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A five page paper looking at the very different contributions made by these four Enlightenment thinkers. The paper notes that although Smith wrote about economics, Locke about politics, Wollstonecraft about feminism, and Kant about morality, they all used reason as the foundation for their thought. Bibliography lists four sources.
Filename: KBenlit3.wps

Rationalism (Descartes and Spinoza) and Empiricism (Hobbes and Locke)
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This 2 page report discusses how the writer/philosophers Rene Descartes and Benedict Spinoza would fir into the realm of rationalism while John Locke and Thomas Hobbes would fit into the definitions of empiricism. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: BWdeslok.wps

Comparison Of Rousseau's & St. Augustine's Views On Human Nature
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In 5 pages, the writer compares the views on human nature of Saint Augustine in his 'Confessions', with Jean-Jacques Rousseau's views of nature in his 'Second Discourse'.
Filename: Hnature.wps

John Locke's 'An Essay Concerning Human Understanding' / Ideas
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A 4 page essay discussing John Locke's perceptions and philosophy regarding human ideas as the primary and the difference to ideas of the secondary qualities. No additional sources cited.
Filename: Ideas.wps

Rousseau and the Origins of Inequality
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5 pages in length. According to Jean Jacques Rousseau and Karl Marx, human history involves the progressive actualization of human nature, and social, political, economical racial and sexual oppression are contrary to the true nature of humanity. This paper focuses on this insight. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: JGArsseu.wps

Hobbs, Locke & Divisibilty.
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(5 pp) Through prolific writings on subjects including optics, philosophy and social theory, the "Hobbsean system" emerges as a coherent and comprehensive world view grounded in the distinct understanding of philosophy as physics. The world according to Hobbes is a world in which all spheres of activity are governed and explained through mechanical principles and where the primary task of philosophy is to understand the chain of cause and effect through which all phenomena emerge (Foutz ppg).Locke on the other hand, believes each human starts with a mental blank slate, and then adds to it through their knowledge and experience. Our question of discussion is how these two relate to divisibility. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: BBdivisi.doc

Rene Descartes & John Locke on the Proof of the Existence of Material Things
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A 10 page paper which evaluates and analyzed the difficulties of the arguments posed by philosophers Rene Descartes and John Locke on the proof of the existence of material things. Specifically considered are Descartes 'Meditations on First Philosophy' and Locke's 'An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.' Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: TGdesloc.wps

John Locke's Representationalism on Human Perception to External Objects
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This 6 page research paper considers John Locke's representation regarding the perception of external objects, as analyzed in his 1690 treatise, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Specifically discussed is David Hume's criticism of Locke's conclusions in An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (1748), his objections, and his stronger position concerning perception of external events, objects and causes. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Humelock.wps

Causality in Western Philosophical Thought Since Descartes / The Perspectives of Kant, Locke & Nietzche
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This 5 page paper considers the perspectives of philosophers like Kant, Locke and Nietzche regarding the nature of causality in understanding human existence and perspectives on issues like idolatry and religion. This paper relates the perspectives of Kant in works like 'Critique of Pure Reason' to Locke's 'An Essay Concerning Human Understanding' and Nietzche's 'Twilight of the Idols.'
Filename: Klnd.wps

Rousseau's Confessions
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In reading The Confessions Of Jean Jacques Rousseau there was a feeling that the author was writing as though from a distance, standing apart, as it were, to take what he thought was an honest and unbiased view of his own life and then to set in on paper. Of course, this is simply not possible. Even submitting the date of your birth tells something about the author in the manner and use of grammar - or the lack of it. Rousseau's autobiographical writing goes far beyond the mechanics of his birth and the occurrences of his life. This 2 page paper gives a brief analysis of the book. No additional sources are listed.
Filename: KTrousea.wps

Jean-Jacques Rousseau & His Criticism Of The Arts
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A 3 page essay discussing Rousseau's criticism of art as something that inherently corrupts civic virtue. The writer finds that Rousseau is logically fair when he critiques Moliere but finds reason to debate his denouncement of the theater -- arguing that in his attack on the arts, Rousseau does actually promotes and endorse certain fascist ideals of censorship. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Rousseau.wps

Rousseau and Burke on Property
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Edmund Burke and Jean Jacques Rousseau were contemporaries during the period of the French revolution who were on opposite sides of the philosophical battleground concerning the system of titled property that had been at the foundation of the revolt. Burke favored monarchy and defended established religion. His belief in property was based on the assumption that perpetuating property through the aristocratic families was the best way to perpetuate society. Rousseau was not a much an advocate of the Revolution as a believer that the individual had inalienable rights that entitled him to acquire property through personal endeavor, and that the inherent compassion of human nature would serve to regulate the evils thought, by Burke, to gain ascendancy if the current system should fall. This 7 page paper examines the positions each man took on the issue of property. Rousseau's position can be found within his Discourse On The Origins Of Inequality, while Burke presents his argument in his Reflections On The Revolution In France. No additional sources are listed.
Filename: KTpropty.wps

The Argument of Descartes and Locke and Who Would Bertrand Russell Support
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This 6 page report discusses Rene Descartes’ “Meditations” (published in 1641) and John Locke’s “ “Essay Concerning Human Understanding.” Descartes considers the problems of the sources and nature of knowledge; the validity of truth; the nature and destiny of man; the existence of God, as well as the creation of the universe. Locke carefully reviews the characteristics of the human mind and the course by which it is aware of the world outside and around it. Arguing against the long-established proposition of intrinsic ideas, Locke believed that the mind is born blank, a tabula rasa upon which the world describes itself through the experience of the five senses. Russell clearly held his own opinions as well as stated in “Problems of Philosophy.” Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: BWdesloc.wps

The Idea of Government: The Comparable Views of Locke and Kant
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A 5 page discussion of the similarities between John Locke's philosophy of government and that of Immanuel Kant. Notes that each had very definitive ideas of individual rights and the relation of those rights to law and government. Contends that in practically every respect John Locke's idea of government can be demonstrated to be fully compatible with Immanuel Kant's thesis in "Idea for a Universal History". No sources are listed.
Filename: PPlckKnt.wps

The Political Theory of John Locke
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This 7 page paper takes a look at John Locke's writings, with a focus on The Second Treatise of Civil Government, in contemplating the contradictions in his theory. The paper concludes that Locke's political theory is valid, despite inconsistencies, as those are unavoidable anyway. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: SA009Loc.wps

Sexual Equality And Rousseau
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The writings of Rousseau form a significant component of the political philosophies that have guided the establishment and form of government in the United States. This 6 page paper argues that Rousseau's discourse on inequality can be seen to presents the argument that the point of the Rosseau's treatese is that many of the norms that were necesary for the perpetuation of humankind in the natural state have been carried over into civil society where they are inappropriate and disrupptive. No additional sources are listed.
Filename: KTsexros

Rousseau and Hume on Justice and Property
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This 6 page report discusses the differences between the opinions of Jean Jacques Rousseau and David Hume regarding the relationship between justice and property. Hume understood the establishment of a system of morality on utility and human sentiments, without appeal to divine moral commands. Critics of the time criticized Hume's theory for being sinfully godless. Rousseau claimed that science, art, and social institutions have corrupted humankind and that the primitive state is morally superior to the civilized state. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: BWprop.rtf

John Locke's An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
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This 5 page paper provides an overview of the John Locke's views on substance and essence related in his An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. This paper outlines the views of Locke relating to the primary text. No additional sources cited.
Filename: MHLocke3.wps

Rationalism vs. Romanticism in Moliere and Rousseau
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An 8 page paper contrasting these two literary movements through an examination of Moliere’s “Tartuffe” and Rousseau’s “Confessions.” The paper argues that while Moliere is trying to put forth a socio-political position, appealing only to our intellect, Rousseau wants to elicit sympathy through evoking our emotions. No additional sources.
Filename: KBmolier.wps

Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the Individual in Society
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This 4 page paper covers the writings of the eighteenth-century philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and describes his views on the relationship of the individual to society. It also argues that Rousseau was an early voice in the development of modern totalitarianism, as well as the events of the French Revolution. 1 work cited.
Filename: Rouseau.wps

John Locke’s “Blank Slate” and Education
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This 5 page report discusses the ideas of John Locke concerning education and the tabula rasa (“blank slate”) of human beings. Locke’s ideas regarding the formation of government and the appropriate role of government have served as guiding parameters in the formation of Western governments for centuries. In his “Essay Concerning Human Understanding” (1690), Locke asserted that the human mind could be compared to a “white paper, void of all characters” and that same mind relied on “all the materials of reason and knowledge.” This paper considers the role of education in such a construct. Bibliography lists one source.
Filename: BWtabula.wps

Plato, Locke, Rousseau, Marx, & Engels / Views on Freedom, Equality, Democracy, and Justice
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This 8 page report discusses the views of some of the world's and history's most influential thinkers - Plato, Locke, Rousseau, and Marx and Engels - on freedom, equality, democracy, and justice. Their opinions are compared and held up to one another for contrast. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: Plrme.wps

The Influence of Locke and Rousseau on the Constitution
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6 pages in length. Discussion of how John Locke's 'Second Treatise on Government' and Jean Jacque Rousseau's 'Discourse on the Origin of Inequality' influenced the Constitution. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: JGAconst.wps

Rousseau and Locke: Achieving Social Good and Justice
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A 5 page paper which compares and contrasts the views of Rousseau and Locke as they relate to concerns of social good and justice. A brief illustration of both men is provided, followed by a brief comparison and conclusion. Bibliography lists sources.
Filename: RAroulock.wps

Personal Property: The Theories of Locke and Rousseau
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A 5 page paper which examines specific works of Locke and Rousseau, 'Two Treatises of Government' and 'On the Origin of Inequality' respectively, and compares and contrasts the two theories regarding personal property. The context in which they are discussed is that of addressing whether the concept of property is a necessary part of human nature or just the result of human accident. No additional sources cited.
Filename: RAperprop.wps

Locke And Rousseau: Inequality And Community
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6 pages in length. The concepts of inequality and community were well documented by two eloquent historical figures: John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau. The writer discusses that both critical thinkers looked upon inequality as society's downfall is no coincidence, inasmuch as both men also asserted that community did not hold the value they believed it should for the level of commitment it requires from its commonalty. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: TLCrouss.wps

Rousseau and Locke/The Pursuit of Happiness
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A 6 page analysis of Locke's 'Second Treatise of Government,' and Rousseau's 'Discourse on the Origin of Inequality.' The writer argues that both of these scholars were particularly concerned with how the citizenry went about pursuing the public's unalienable right to those activities that they felt were most likely to bring them financial security and a reasonable amount of satisfaction‹the 'pursuit of happiness.' No additional sources cited.
Filename: 90locke.wps

Locke and Rousseau on Liberty
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This 5 page paper considers the concept of liberty as it was related by both Locke, in his Two Treatise of Government, and Rousseau, in the First and Second Discourses. This paper assesses what these two thinkers believed about liberty, why it is important and both considered the nature of the state, the move towards a civil society and the ideal government as an extension of their views on liberty. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: MHLockeR.wps

The “Social Contract” in the View of Locke and Rousseau
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This 5 page report discusses the meaning of the “social contract” in terms of the thinking of John Locke (1632-1704) and Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778). Each had very definite views on what he perceived to be the true “social contract” among human beings. This paper very briefly outlines each. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: BWlocro.wps

The State And Market Economy According To Locke and Rousseau
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This 8 page report discusses the opinions of John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau as they viewed the state and the market economy as two of the most important institutions in society. Their ideas are compared and contrasted. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Lockruss.wps

Authority To Punish According To Rousseau And Locke
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This 5 page report discusses the philosophies of John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau in relationship to the authority of the polity to punish criminal behavior. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: Punishl.wps

Political Theories Based on “Corrupted” Man
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A 3 page paper discussing the political theories of Jean Jacques Rousseau and Karl Marx, as they oppose the theories of John Locke in relationship to Locke’s political theories that were based on “Corrupted” man. The notions presented are based on the following works: Locke’s two treaties of government, Rousseau’s discourses and early political writings, and Marx’s views as detailed in the Marx-Engel Reader. No additional sources cited.
Filename: RAcorrupt.wps

Rousseau, Hobbes and Locke; A Comparison on Theories of Morality and Government
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This 5 page paper looks at the theories of these three philosophers regarding the underlying morality of mankind and the nature and purpose of government, the paper also makes comparisons and notes the differences between them all. The bibliography cite 6 sources.
Filename: TEreussu.wps

John Locke And The Social Contract Theory
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A 5 page paper that discusses Locke's concept of the social contract. A slight comparison is made with Hobbes and Rousseau in order to demonstrate Locke's middle ground. Locke's major thoughts regarding the social contract are presented. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: PGlock4.wps

Imaginary Conversation / Debate
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A 5 page fictional dialogue between Niccolo Machiavelli, John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Friedriche Nietzsche, from the viewpoint of their histories and writings. These 4 men were responsible for many long held political philosophies.
Filename: Dialock.wps

Reason, Nature & Progress - The Elements of an Enlightened Age
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A 2 page paper that discusses the elements of reason, nature and progress as they were interpreted and presented by the philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment. Discussed are Thomas Hobbes' The Elements of Law Natural and Politic (1640), John Locke's An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690), and Jean-Jacques Rousseau's A Dissertation on the Origin and Foundation of the Inequality of Mankind (1755). Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: LCReason.doc

Alain Locke and Stephen Thompson / Views on 'The Negro'
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A 5 page paper on Alain Locke's look at the New Negro as compared to the Old Negro, and Stephen Thompson's assessment of the validity of these claims. No bibliography.
Filename: Thomp.wps

Rousseau & Marx/Ideas on Property
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A 5 page essay (plus one page outline) that compares the similarities between the philosophies of Karl Marx and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: 99ru&km.wps

Annotated Bibliography Sources Pertinent to John Locke
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This 3 page annotated bibliography describes sources related to an investigation on John Locke. Several issues are included such as his views on religion and property rights. Bibliography lists 7 sources
Filename: SA43Bib.wps

Rousseau, Hegel, & Marx - Opinions On The State Of Nature
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A 6 page paper discussing Rousseau's views regarding the state of nature and comparing it with Marx and Hegel's rejection of the premise. The writer also examines whether or not there is a comprise position between their thoughts. Bibliography lists four sources.
Filename: Roshegm.wps

Rousseau’s “The Social Contract” as it Applies to Slavery
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16 pages in length. The Social Contract, on the text that all men are born free and equal, regards the State as a contract in which individuals surrender none of their natural rights, but rather agree for the protection of them. Most remarkable in this projected republic was the provision to banish aliens to the state religion and to punish dissenters with death. The Social Contract became the text-book of the French Revolution, and Rousseau's theories as protests bore fruit in the frenzied bloody orgies of the Commune as well as in the rejuvenation of France and the history of the entire Western world. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: JGAjjrou.wps

The Political Writings Of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
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A 9 page paper discussing four works by philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau considered political in nature. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: Rousseau4.doc

Luther, Locke, and Paine: Human Nature and Political Theory
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A 5 page paper discussing the human nature theories of Martin Luther, John Locke, and Thomas Paine affected their political theories. While each man lived in a different place and time, the essential beliefs that insist that truth and the inherent needs of human nature should be incorporated into politics, remains primarily the same. Bibliography lists sources.
Filename: RAtheory.wps

The Concept Of The State & The Social Contract Theory
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A 6 page report discussing the how the concept of the state came about and why the social contract theory was devised. Of the three philosophers who are best known and who had the most influence in this area of political discourse, this writer believes Locke's philosophy more closely solve the problem the Contract was purported to resolve. This writer argues that Hobbes' views actually enhance the situation the contract was to eliminate and Rousseau's included sections that imposed further requirements on the citizens.
Filename: Socialco.wps

Relationship between Economic and Political Power
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A 6 page research paper that examines some of the most influential and famous works of the Enlightenment. During the eighteenth century, inspired by new and revolutionary discoveries in science, Western political philosophers such as Locke, Rousseau, Smith, Paine and Jefferson reevaluated the nature of political authority and how it related to what they regarded as the natural rights of mankind. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: 99enlmnt.wps

A Philosophical View Of Sovereignty
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A 20 page paper discussing the relationship of sovereignty and natural law. Over the course of the centuries, there has run the full gamut of thinking regarding the relationship of sovereignty or the right to sovereignty to varying views of natural order, natural laws, divine right and the simple acquiescence of the people to be ruled. Aristotle was certain that the state was the natural state of human alignments with one another, though he had difficulty in determining what the qualities of the ruler should be. This paper also investigates the views of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Jeremy Bentham. Jean Bodin is also briefly discussed. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Philo-6.doc
Filename: Philo-6.doc

Presidential Candidates and Philosophical Tradition
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This excellent 5 page paper discusses the fact that philosophy is an academic arena which most view as having little to do with the real world. In viewing the presidential hopefuls, however, and studying their party platforms, we can see how some of their policies and views reflect statements and ideals set by such philosophers as Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Describes how the beliefs and visions by each of the presidential candidates presented are inherently linked in some way to some or all of these philosophers.
Filename: JGAprzph.wps

(The) Declaration of Independence & Its Historic Origin
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6 pages excellently detailing the historic origins of the United States Declaration of Independence in the bible, the Magna Carta, the philosophies of Rousseau and Locke etc; Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Declaind.wps

Ernest Cassara's The Enlightenment in America
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5 pages in length. An indepth look at Cassara's most well known book. The beginning history of America is based on this new age of enlightenment as outlined by such philosophers as Locke, Hume and Rousseau. Cassara explains this in his book which is reviewed here. Bibliography lists one source.
Filename: JGAcssra.wps

Distributive Justice, Utilitarianism, and John Rawls
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This 5 page report discusses the work of American philosopher and political scientist John Rawls and his 1971 book, A Theory of Justice. In it, Rawls presents an alternative to the fundamental principle of political utilitarianism and keeps his thinking throughout the book within the parameters of the social contract beliefs and attitudes of John Locke, Jean Jacques Rousseau, and Immanuel Kant and then bases his own “system” on two fundamental propositions. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: BWjrawls.wps

The Individual, Society, & Health In Education / An Historical Perspective
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A 12 page paper discussing what the work of four educational theorists -- Maria Montessori, John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi -- can offer to health professionals in the field of nursing. Bibliography lists ten sources.
Filename: Monte.wps

“Aspects of Human Society”
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A six page paper which looks at different aspects of the way in which society is organised. The paper contrasts the theories of the social contract as espoused by Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau; analyses the difference between statute law and case law; and looks at the contrast between elitism and pluralism in terms of the control of social institutions. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: JLsoccontract.wps

Thomas Paine's 'Rights Of Man', Jean Jacques Rousseau's 'Discourse On Origins Of Inequality' And Edmund Burke's 'Reflections Of The French Revolution': Democracy
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6 pages in length. The writer discusses the essential preconditions for democracy as they relate to Thomas Paine, Jean Jacques Rousseau and Edmund Burke. No additional sources cited.
Filename: TLCdmocr.wps

The Politics of Rousseau and Burke.
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(7 pp) Rousseau developed the concept of the "noble savage," and to test it, tried living in the woods. Burke believed equality was a conception against nature and served in the English Parliament. One could claim they were both living out their political convictions, yet actually there is a lot more to their concepts and political consequences. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: BBroubrk.doc

Hobbes and Locke Compared
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This 12 page paper compares and contrasts Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan and John Locke’s Second Treatise of Civil Government. Both works are also discussed in light of today’s political climate. There is a focus on the nature of man as seen by these two theorists. Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Filename: SA27Lock.wps

Locke's Ideas about Man and Morality
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This 5 page paper provides an overview of some of Locke's theories which come from "An Essay Concerning Human Understanding." Other issues such as punishment, the soul and the concept of the person are all discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: SA048loc.wps

The Role Of Private Property According To Karl Marx & John Locke
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A 5 page paper discussing the different attitudes Marx and Locke had regarding the issue of private property. Bibliography lists three sources.
Filename: KarlJohn.doc

The Declaration of Independence & John Locke
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An insightful 4 page look at how the theories of philosopher John Locke were carried over into the drafting of the Declaration of Independence. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: Declain2.wps

John Locke & Western Enlightenment
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5 pages. An overview of the philosophies of John Locke and how these philosophies contributed to Western Enlightenment and were incorporated into documents such as the United States Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: Lockwest.wps

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